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Environment in the Courtroom Symposium Papers

Environmental Education for Judges and Court Practitioners

Éducation relative à l’environnement à l’intention des juges et des praticiens du droit


March 23-24, 2012 - Calgary

Environment in the Courtroom (I): Key Environmental Concepts and the Unique Nature of Environmental Damage

L’environnement au tribunal (I) : les principaux concepts relatifs à l’environnement et la nature unique des dommages à l’environnement

Natasha Affolder, Professor of Law, University of British Columbia
The Legal Concept of Sustainability
English     Français

Giorilyn Bruno, Graduate Student, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary
Assessing Environmental Damages: How Much is Beauty Worth in Dollars?
English     Français

Cindy Chiasson, Environmental Law Centre, Edmonton, Alberta
The Quandary of Cumulative Effects — Fitting a Science Peg in a Law Hole
English     Français

Charles-Emmanuel Côté, Professeur de droit, Université Laval
L'Utilisation du droit international en droit canadien de l'environnment
English     Français

Shaun Fluker, Professor of Law, University of Calgary
How Legal Design May Constrain the Power of Law to Implement Environmental Norms:
The Case of Ecological Integrity in Canada’s National Parks
English     Français

Hadley Friedland, Graduate Student, Faculty of Law, University of Alberta
Practical Engagement with Indigenous Legal Traditions on Environmental Issues: Some Questions
English
     Français

Paule Halley, Professeure de droit, Université Laval
Pierre-Olivier DesMarchais, Doctorant à la Faculté de droit à l’Université Laval
Le développement durable en droit canadien
English
     Français

Alastair Lucas, Q.C., Professor of Law, University of Calgary
Public Nuisance: Public Wrongs and Civil Rights of Action
English     Français

Heather McLeod-Kilmurray, Professor of Law, Common Law, University of Ottawa
The Incorporation of an Environmental Ethic in the Courtroom English     Français

Phillip Saunders, Professor of Law, Dalhousie University
International Environmental Law in Canadian Courts
English     Français

Chris Tollefson, Professor of Law , University of Victoria
A Precautionary Tale: Trials and Tribulations of the Precautionary Principle
English     Français

Nickie Vlavianos, Professor of Law, University of Calgary
The Intersection of Human Rights Law and Environmental Law 
English     Français

Michael Wenig, Natural Resources Conservation Board, Calgary
Ecosystem Management: It’s Imperative … Whatever it Is
English     Français

Terri-Lynn Williams-Davidson
Aboriginal Perspectives on Environmental Damage
English     Français


March 18-19, 2013 - Ottawa

Environment in the Courtroom (II): Environmental Prosecutions

L’environnement au tribunal (II): poursuites relatives à l’environnement

Lynda Collins, Professor of Law, Common Law Section, University of Ottawa
Regulatory Negligence in Environmental Law
English     Français

Alex Ikejinai, Department of Justice, Fisheries and Oceans Legal Services, Government of Canada, Ottawa
The Exercise of Prosecutorial Discretion: Challenges to Environmental Prosecutions
English     Français

Paul McCulloch and Danielle Meuleman, Crown Counsel, Legal Services Branch - Environment,
Ministry of the Attorney General, Government of Ontario, Ottawa
Strategic Decisions in Environmental Prosecutions
English     Français

Heather McLeod-Kilmurray, Professor of Law, Common Law Section, University of Ottawa
Science and Advocacy
English     Français

Susan McRory, Environmental Prosecutor, Specialized Prosecutions Branch, Government of Alberta, Edmonton
Federal versus Provincial Crowning
English     Français

Martin Olszynski, Department of Justice, Fisheries and Oceans Legal Services, Government of Canada, Ottawa 
Who Should Prosecute II: Intragovernmental Aspects
English     Français

Jean Piette, Norton Rose, Montreal
De certains moyens de défense en droit pénal de l'environnement
English     Français

Cheryl Sharvit, Mandell Pinder LLP, Vancouver
Aboriginal Law in the Context of Regulatory Prosecutions
English     Français

John Swaigen, Albert Koehl and Charles Hatt, Ecojustice, Toronto
Private Prosecutions Revisited: The Continuing Importance of Private Prosecutions in Protecting the Environment
English     Français

Ronda M. Vanderhoek, Public Prosecution Service of Canada, Halifax
Due Diligence in Environmental Offences
English     Français


February 21-22, 2014 - Halifax

Environment in the Courtroom (III): Sentencing and Environmental Offences

L’environnement au tribunal (III) : La détermination des peines et les infractions environnementales

Paul Adams, Senior Counsel, Public Prosecution Service Canada, Halifax
Creative Sentence Negotiation: Looking Beyond Deterrence
English
 / Français

Peter Boxall, Professor, Department of Resource Economics & Environmental Sociology, University of Alberta, Edmonton
The Law and Economics of Environmental Harm: A Primer and Update For Environmental Sentencing (Parts III, IV & V)
English
 / Français

Cindy Chiasson, Executive Director, Environmental Law Centre, Edmonton
Environmental Non-governmental Organizations and Creative Sentencing: Perspectives and Roles
English / Français

John Cliffe, Cliffe Tobias, Barristers & Solicitors, Vancouver
Creative Sentencing in Environmental Prosecutions, The Canadian Experience: An Overview 
EnglishFrançais

Peter J. Craig, Senior Crown Attorney, Nova Scotia Public Prosecution Service, Dartmouth
Negotiating Sentences
EnglishFrançais

Allan Ingelson, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary
Creative Environmental Sentences — The Corporate Perspective
EnglishFrançais

Sharon Mascher, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary
Creative Sentencing — The Experience ‘Down-under’
English / Français

Rebecca Moore, Legislative Governance Division, Environment Canada, Ottawa
The Environmental Enforcement Act - Sentencing in the Environmental Context
English / Français

Martin Olszynski, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary
The Law and Economics of Environmental Harm: A Primer and Update For Environmental Sentencing (Parts I & II)
English / Français

Jean Piette, Norton Rose Fulbright, Québec
La sanction du droit de l’environnement par des pénalités administratives
EnglishFrançais

Dr. Dianne Saxe and Meredith James, Saxe Law Office, Toronto
Holding Directors and Officers Liable for Environmental Problems: Sentencing and Regulatory Orders
English
Français

Judge Barry Stuart, Vancouver
Environmental Sentencing: Making the Best of a Blunt Instrument
English / Français


March 6-7, 2015 - Calgary

Environment in the Courtroom (IV): Evidentiary Issues in Environmental Prosecutions and Hearings

L’environnement au tribunal (IV): les questions de preuve dans les poursuites et les procès en matière d’environnement

Jim Bunting, Davies, Ward, Phillips & Vineberg, Toronto, Terri-Lee Oleniuk, Osler, Hoskin and Harcourt LLP, Calgary, and 
Sarah Powell, Davies, Ward, Phillips & Vineberg, Toronto
Experts Only
English / Français

John D. Cliffe, Q.C., Cliffe Tobias, Vancouver and John S.G. Clark, Department of Justice, Vancouver
Continuity of Evidence and Remediation Advice for Investigators: Some Brief Comments
English / Français

Adam Driedzic, Environmental Law Centre (Alberta) Society, Edmonton
Proving the Right to be Heard: Evidentiary Barriers to Standing in Environmental Matters
English / Français

Erin Eacott, Public Prosecution Service of Canada, Edmonton
Privilege in Environmental Enforcement
English / Français

Brenda Heelan Powell and Josephine Yam, Environmental Law Centre, Edmonton
Judicial Notice of Climate Change
English / Français

Nicholas R. Hughes and Monika A. Sawicka, McCarthy Tétrault, Vancouver
Issues Respecting Expert Advisors, Expert Witnesses and Retaining Counsel
English / Français

Asha James, Managing Associate, Falconers LLP, Toronto
The Challenges of Gathering Expert Evidence by Private Individuals
English / Français

David Laidlaw, Research Fellow, Canadian Institute of Resources LawCalgary
Challenges in Using Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge in the Courts
English / Français

Gary A. Letcher and Andrea C. Akelaitis, Letcher Akelaitis LLP, Vancouver
An Overview of Expert Evidence in Canada
English / Français

Marc McAree, Robert Woon and Anand Srivastava, Willms & Shier Environmental Lawyers LLP, Toronto
Experts in Environmental Litigation
English / Français

Marc McAree, Robert Woon and Anand Srivastava, Willms & Shier Environmental Lawyers LLP, Toronto
Communication Between Lawyers and Experts
English / Français

Marc McAree, Robert Woon and Anand Srivastava, Willms & Shier Environmental Lawyers LLP, Toronto
Reporting Obligations to Third Parties
English / Français

Marc McAree, Robert Woon and Anand Srivastava, Willms & Shier Environmental Lawyers LLP, Toronto
Admissibility of Expert Evidence and Costs
English / Français

Danielle Meuleman, Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General, Toronto
Proving Causation: Scientific Certainty vs. Legal Burden of Proof
English / Français

Rod Northey, Gowling Lafleur Henderson LLP, Toronto
Integration of Written and Visual Evidence for Expert Tribunals
English / Français


February 26-27, 2016 - Ottawa

Environment in the Courtroom (V): Inspections and Enforcement Issues: On-site and in Court

L’environnement au tribunal (V) : les inspections et les questions d’application, sur place et au tribunal

Jack D. Coop, Partner, Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt LLP, Toronto
Collecting Essential Evidence for Environmental Investigations and Prosecutions: Approaches to Legal Strategy and Associated Issues
English / Français

Jennifer Fairfax, Partner, Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt LLP, Toronto
Recapitulation and Alternatives – Lessons Learned from A Hypothetical Case Study
English / Français

James Flagal, Counsel, Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change, Toronto
Tit for Tat: The Art of Responsive Regulation - How Agencies Can Motivate Regulated Firms to Become Virtuous
English / Français

Jonathan Leo, Attorney, State Bar of California, USA
Anatomy of Compliance Regime: Lessons from the United States
English / Français

Dr. Elaine MacDonald, Senior Scientist, Ecojustice, Toronto
Collecting Evidence in Environmental Investigations: An ENGO Scientist’s Engineer’s Perspective
English / Français

Fred Maefs, Crown Counsel, Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General, Legal Services Branch for Environment and Climate Change, Toronto
Anatomy of Compliance Regime: Initiation of Action
English / Français

Heather McCready, Executive Director of Environmental Enforcement, Environment and Climate Change Canada and John Sencaj, Intelligence Renewal Project, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Ottawa
Inspections and Compliance: The Federal Perspective
English / Français

Heather McCready, Executive Director of Environmental Enforcement, Environment and Climate Change Canada and Karina Barker, Intelligence Renewal Project, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Ottawa
Towards Intelligence-Led Environmental Enforcement
English / Français

Paul McCulloch, Counsel, Legal Services, Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change, Toronto
Environmental Investigations – A Government Perspective
English / Français

Martin Olszynski, Assistant Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary
Compliance and Enforcement in Canadian Environmental Law: A Crisis in the Making?
English

Katia Opalka, Adjunct Professor, McGill School of Environment, Montreal
Regulatory Inspections: A Private Practitioner's Perspective
English / Français